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English Research Guide

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Also known as "Scholarly Articles," "Peer-Reviewed Articles," or "Academic Articles," these are:

  • Written and reviewed by scholars and provide new research, analysis, or information about a specific topic.
    • "Peer Review" means the article is approved by other experts before publication
  • Usually focused on a single subject, but may have a wider scope than Literary Criticism articles
  • Intended for an academic audience

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book with magnifying glassLiterary criticism is expert-level writing that defines, classifies, analyzes, interprets, and evaluates individual works of literature or an author's complete works.

Features of Literary Criticism

  • Published as journal articles or full-length books
  • Peer-reviewed work of scholars
  • More in-depth critique of a work (compared to book reviews)
  • Intended for an academic audience

Find Literary Criticism:

smaller rocks balancing on a natural stone "scale," representing the concept "pro/con"If your research topic involves a current social or political issue -- especially one that could be considered "controversial," with strong opinions on either side -- then you might want to use a Pro/Con database. The databases listed below contain many different types of sources: full-text magazine, newspaper, and academic journal articles; pro/con viewpoint essays; in-depth reports; videos and more.


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Unlike journal articles and literary criticism, scholarly books:

  • Are written on a broader, general subject
  • May contain a collection of related chapters by different authors
  • Contain less recent information

Remember: you may only need to read one chapter of a scholarly book!


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